MEDICATION MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION PROTOCOLS

 

Information:The Department of Public Health, in conjunction with the Department of Education, has created guidelines and mandated licensing to insure the safe and proper administration of medications in the school setting.Regulations for administration of medications in school are important in order to:

 

  1. Encourage school attendance of students who require medications during school hours,
  2. Set uniform standards for safe and proper administration of medication,
  3. Recognize the professional role of school nurses and their ability to safely manage the medication administration program,
  4. Set standards for self-administration of medication, improving access for students.

 

Regulations for the state of Massachusetts include requirements for management of the program by licensed professionals, including School Nurses and Physicians.They also provide a means to register and obtain licensing to allow unlicensed personnel to administer medications in a limited role. The Gardner Public Schools currently maintain state registration for delegation of medication for field trips and other short-term, special school events.To insure safe and accurate medication, a copy of a current (published within 2 years) Nursing Drug Reference book and The comprehensive School Health Manual will be kept in each health room.

 

Management:The School Nurse Leader shall review medication policies and procedures as needed, and at least every two (2) years, in conjunction with the School Physician and the School Committee.The Nurse Leader will monitor and document any medication errors in the course of the school year.

 

Orders:The School Nurse shall maintain proper medication orders from a licensed prescriber and shall renew orders at the beginning of each academic year.All medications administered in school must be prescribed, even over the counter medication.Each change or review of medications by the prescriber should be documented appropriately in the medication record.The School Nurse may accept telephone orders from a prescriber only if faxed or written documentation is to follow.A signed medication order must be placed in the medication record within three (3) school days of the initial order.Whenever possible, the medication order shall be obtained, and the medication administration plan (MAP) in place before the student enters, or re-enters, school.

 

In accordance with standards of practice, each order shall contain:

 

  1. Studentís name.
  2. Name AND signature of the prescriber, with business phone number.
  3. Generic name of the medication, and brand name if applicable.
  4. Route and dose of medication prescribed.
  5. Frequency and time of medication prescribed.
  6. Reason for giving medication, if an ďas neededĒ drug.
  7. Specific directions for administration, if needed.

 

The MAP must contain:

 

  1. Any special side effects, contraindications or adverse reactions that may occur.
  2. Any other medications taken by the student, with potential interactions.
  3. The date of next scheduled visit to the prescriber should appear on the medication order form.
  4. A parental consent form must be completed and filed with the MAP.

 

Short-term medications, including antibiotics, or other medications prescribed for ten (10) days or less, may be accepted with the current label utilized as the prescription.If the nurse has any questions, she may request a written prescription from the physician.

 

Documentation:A medication administration record must be maintained for each student that receives medication during the school day.Confidentiality of this record must be insured.The Medication Administration Daily Log (MADL) must contain the following:

 

  1. Studentís name, DOB, sex, grade and homeroom,
  2. The school name and year,
  3. Medication, dosage, route, frequency and times of administration,
  4. Full signature and initials of each nurse administering medication,
  5. A calendar to allow initials to denote the giving of the medication,
  6. A section for narrative notes and significant information.

 

A MAP for the current medications should be filed near the MADL.Consent and order forms, with parental consent forms, should also be filed near the MADL.

 

The school nurse shall document on the MADL, including:

 

  1. Initials in appropriate boxes for date, time, medication administered.
  2. The patientís response to prn (as needed) medications.
  3. The appropriate code for the medication, and a narrative, if needed.
  4. Codes to be documented are:

i.††††† A-Absent

ii.††††† E-Early Dismissal

iii.††††† N-No Medication Available

iv.††††† O-No Show

v.      X-No School

vi.     F-Field Trip

vii.   W-Dosage Withheld

  1. All documentation must be completed in ink, to prevent erasure or confusion.
  2. Narrative notes are to be completed on the back of the MADL form, in ink, and in clear writing that explains:

i.††††††††††† Why a medication is withheld

ii.††††††††††† Why/when a medication is destroyed or returned to family

iii.††††††††††† When and number of medications received

 

The school nurse may elect to withhold any medication if she is unsure of directions, feels the studentís current condition merits withholding the medication or if the medication has potential for harmful or dangerous repercussions.

 

(See attachments for forms)

 


MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION PLAN

 

School:___________________________________________________________

 

Name: __________________________________†††† DOB: _______________††††† Grade: ______

 

Parent/Guardian: ________________________________†††† Home Phone: __________________

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† ††††† Work Phone: __________________

 

Emergency Contact: ______________________________†††† Phone: _______________________

 

Licensed Prescriber ______________________________††††† Phone: _______________________

 

Food/Drug Allergies: ____________________________††††††† Diagnosis: ___________________

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† (If not in violation of confidentiality)

 

******************************************************************************

 

1.Medication: ______________________________†††† Dosage: __________________________

 

Frequency: _______________________________

 

Route: ____________††††††††††† Order Date: _______________††††† D/C Date: ________________

Quantity of Med Received: _____________††††††††† Date Received: _______________

Exp. Date of Med Received: ________________††††

Specific Directions (e.g., times given): _______________________________________________

 

2.Possible Side Effects:

 

†††† Adverse Reactions:

 

3.Required Storage Conditions:Store at Room Temperature/Original Container/Locked Cabinet

 

4.Plan for Field Trips: If applicable, designated person will be authorized in writing by the parent and care plan and med administration discussed/reviewed

††††† Delegate for Field Trips: 1._________________________††††† 2._______________________

 

5.May self-administer? ____Yes____ No (need doctor/parent permission, nurse determines if it is safe and appropriate)

 

6.Other persons to be notified of medication administration (with parental permission): ___________________________________________________________________________

 

7.Other meds being taken by student (if not in violation of confidentiality): _________________

 

8.Location where medication administration will occur:____ Health Room____ Other (specify)____ Field Trips, if applicable and _______________________________________

 

9.Plan for monitoring medication, if needed: continually assess for side effects and adverse reactions as well as intended effect of medicine.

 

10.Other: Contraindications:

 

 

 

School Nurse Signature: ______________________________________Date: ______________

 

Parent/Guardian Signature: ____________________________________††††† Date: ______________

 

Student Signature, if appropriate: _______________________________††††† Date: ______________

 


GARDNER HEALTH SERVICES

SCHOOL NURSE PROTOCOLS

 

MEDICATION ORDER

(to be completed by a licensed prescriber)

 

Name of Student: __________________________________ Date of Birth: _________________

††††††††††† Address:†† _____________________________________________Grade: ____________

 

(Print) Licensed Prescriber: _______________________________Title: ____________________

††††††††††† Telephone #: __________________________††††††† Fax #: ___________________________

 

Medication: _____________________________(Generic): ______________________________

††††††††††† Dose: _________________________________________

Route: _________________________________________

††††††††††† Frequency: _____________________________________

Time given: ____________________________________

††††††††††† (Medications should be scheduled at hours other that school-time, when possible)

††††††††††† Date of Order: __________________________________

Discontinuation/Expiration Date: ___________________

 

Specific Directions/information for administration: _____________________________________

 

Diagnosis/Purpose of Med*: _______________________________________________________

 

Any other medical conditions*: ____________________________________________________

* If not in violation of confidentiality

 

Optional Information

 

Any side effects, contraindications or adverse reactions to observe for: _____________________

______________________________________________________________________________

 

Other medication taken by student __________________________________________________

 

Consent for self-administration (in safe and appropriate situations): yes____†††† no____

 

Date of next scheduled visit : ______________________________________________________

 

Date: ______________________

 

 

__________________________________________________

Signature of Licensed Prescriber


GARDNER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

School Nurse Protocols

 

PARENT/GUARDIAN CONSENT FOR MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

 

General Information

 

Studentís name: _________________________________________Date of Birth: ________

 

School: _____________________††††††††††† Grade: _________________Sex: _______

 

Parent/Guardian Printed Name: ____________________________________________________

Address: ______________________________________________

Home Phone: ___________________________††††† ††††††††††† Work: ___________________________

 

Emergency Contact Name: _________________________________††††††††††† Relationship: ________

Home Phone: ___________________________††††† ††††††††††† Work: ___________________________

 

My son/daughter is currently receiving the following medications, either at home or in school:

 

______________________________________________________________________________

(to be completed if not in violation of confidentiality)

 

******************************************************************************

Consent

 

1.I give permission to have the school nurse (or school personnel designated by the school nurse) administer the following medication: ______________________________, prescribed by: ______________________________ to ____________________________________________.

(Licensed Prescriber)†††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††† (Name of Student)

 

2.I give permission for my son/daughter to self-administer medication if the school nurse determines it is safe and appropriate._____Yes††††††† †††† _____No

 

3.I give permission for the school nurse to share with appropriate school personnel information relative to the prescribed medication administration (i.e., adverse side effects) as she/he determines necessary for my son/daughterís health and safety._____Yes††††††† ††††††††††† _____No

Any restrictions on release? _______________________________________________________

 

(Please note: I understand that I may retrieve the medicine from the school at any time and that the medicine will be destroyed if it is not picked up within one week following the termination of the order or one week beyond the close of school.)

 

___________________________________________††††††††† ††††††††††† __________________________

Signature of Parent/Guardian††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Date

 

___________________________________________

Relationship to Student


GARDNER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

Self-Administration of Medications in the Gardner Public Schools

 

Information:The Gardner Public Schools require all medication to be stored in the schoolís health room, and monitored by the school nurse.If an individual student is capable of utilizing prescribed medication independently, the school nurse may assess the following requirements and determine whether an independent medication program is appropriate.

 

Requirements:

 

1.       Student, school nurse, and parent/guardian agree to conditions under which self-administration may occur.

 

2.       School nurse develops MAP for safe self-administration.

 

3.       School nurse deems the student capable, and observes responsible use of med.

 

4.       Student identifies the medication, frequency, and time of day for the medication that is ordered.

 

5.       There is written authorization from the parent/guardian for self-administration.

 

6.       The licensed prescriber provides written orders for self-administration, if the school nurse feels it is needed.

 

7.       Student follows procedure for documentation of self-administration.

 

8.       The school nurse, in conjunction with student, teachers, and parent/guardian, determines a safe place for the student to store medications, and maintains a back-up supply in the health room.

 

9.       School nurse monitors self-administration, including some or all of the prompts listed below:

 

a.       Instructing student in self-administration,

b.       Reminding the student to take meds,

c.       Visual observation to monitor compliance,

d.       Recording meds taken,

e.       Notifying parent/guardian, or prescriber of side effects, changes in MAP, or refusal/failure to take meds.

 

The school nurse may inform teachers/administrators that the student is self-administering, with permission of the parent/guardian.


GARDNER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

 

Delegation of Medications for Field Trips and Short Term School Events

 

Information:

 

In accordance with Department of Public Health Regulations, and with our medication policies, each student must have a delegation permission form signed yearly.This form must be signed by the studentís parent/guardian and filed in the studentís health files.Unlicensed school personnel may give medications while attending field trips or short-term events if they have been trained in specific medication administration, as well as in the use of an Epi-Pen.

 

Requirements:

 

The teacher/staff who are planning to leave the schools for field trips or short-term events must inform the school nurse at least two (2) weeks in advance in order to allow time for the nurse to obtain labeled prescription bottles, lists of students and medication concerns lists.The teacher/staff who will be attending such events must have training in medication delegation, administration and Epi-Pen use.This training must occur within 6 months of the field trip and the designated medication administrator must verbalize medication names, doses, times and special considerations for each student who will receive medications during the field trip or short-term event.

 


GARDNER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

 

School Nurse Documentation of Parental Permission for Delegation of Medications for Short Term Events or Field Trips

 

The Gardner Public Schools are registered with the Department of public Health for delegation of medications for field trips or short-term events.This delegation may occur only for staff that have completed instructions regarding medications, doses, times given and use of the Epi-Pen.In order for faculty/staff to provide medication for your child during a field trip or event, parental permission must be given.Each student must provide a labeled, empty, prescription bottle to use during the trip.Parental permission given on this form will allow the student to participate in field trips without concern for appropriate medication dosage.Please review and sign the form below and return it to the health office for filing.This form will provide sufficient permission for the entire school year, unless medication changes are dramatic.

 

 

I, _______________________________________, parent/guardian for ________________________________________ hereby give consent to allow delegation of medication administration for short-term events or field trips.I understand that the staff/faculty who will give this medication are trained in medication administration, as well as possible side effects or emergency issues.

 

 

_____________________________________________††††† ††††††††††† __________________________

Signature of Parent/Guardian††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Date

 

 

_____________________________________________††††† ††††††††††† __________________________

Signature of School Nurse††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† ††††††††††† Date

 


GARDNER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

 

Medication Delegation Training Record

 

The following unlicensed school personnel have been authorized by the Gardner School Nurse Leader and selected by the school nurse at: _________________________________________ to administer medications in the event of an emergency or during a field trip/special event when the school nurse is not available.Individuals have been trained by the school nurse in the administration of the medication listed beside their name.Training includes administration, special considerations, possible adverse reactions and any necessary emergency procedures to be followed.Authorization to administer medications is contingent upon the staffís ability to verbalize understanding and competency regarding a specific medication.

 

Name of Unlicensed Personnel††††††† ††††††††††† Medication††††††††††† Training Date Review†††††† Instr. Init.

 

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

______________________________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ____________††††††††††† _________††††††††††† ______

Initials/Signature


GARDNER SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICES

 

Reporting and Documentation of Medication Errors

 

Information:

A medication error may include any failure to administer medication as prescribed, within the school setting.Any individual designated to provide medications for a student may be required to report and document an error.Therefore, all school nurses, as well as faculty and staff delegated for field trips or short-term events must be aware of this procedure.A medication error includes any failure of the ď5 RísĒ as well as failure to administer the drug.

 

The ď5RísĒ include:

 

††††††††††† Right Name

††††††††††† Right Time

††††††††††† Right Does

††††††††††† Right Med

††††††††††† Right Route

 

In order to prevent medication errors, all individuals who give medications shall be encouraged to review the ď5RísĒ prior to giving a medication.

 

Procedure:

If a medication error occurs, reporting of the error to appropriate persons, monitoring of the person giving the medication and documentation of all that occurs, is most import.These measures will provide for communication of the problem, safety of the patient and prevention of future occurrences.

 

Reporting:

Prompt notification of the error can be very important.As soon as the error is identified, the person who give the medication must notify:

 

1.††††††††††† The Primary Care Physician

2.††††††††††† The School Nurse Leader

3.††††††††††† The Parent/Guardian of the Student

 

The physician may determine any need for follow up treatment or monitoring and order such activities through the school nurse, if available, or the School Nurse Leader.The School Nurse Leader will assist the person in error to fill out an accident/occurrence report form following the procedures in the health manual.

 

All medication errors resulting in any illness or medical care will be reported to the Department of Public Health, Bureau of Family and Community Health; 1-617-624-5493.

 

Any suspected diversion or tampering with medications shall be reported to the Department of Public Health, Division of Food and Drugs; 1-617-983-6700, or 617-522-3700.

 

The School Nurse Leader shall review the event with the involved persons provide necessary teaching and safety steps to prevent further errors and to ensure proper administration of medications in the future.

File: JLCD-R

 

[Adopted: December 2003]